We all remember them.
Some were associated with allowance, others simply mandatory. For many kids, and I bet for most of us, they were often an intrusion on other more important things to do.
As a parent, I’m sure you’ve asked (hopefully without screaming), “Did you take out the trash and clean your room?” – and then in response, the perfunctory eye roll.
You know what I mean – they’re jobs at home that most of us hated but did out of necessity – because we were told to. And our kids pretty much hate them, too.
It turns out chores have an incredibly important role for the developing child or teen. This is best understood, and far more acceptable to children, if they are reframed as responsibilities – as skills that have a great payoff.
Responsibilities can make children and adolescents feel special.
We should think of and present responsibilities to our kids in two major arenas – responsibility for the care of others (your social responsibility) and taking responsibility for the care of yourself.
Let’s start with some principles.
All children have the desire to be competent, effective, and to master tasks they previously could not accomplish. The acquisition and demonstration of new skills helps foster positive self-esteem. When they succeed in mastering more responsibilities, they not only feel that they can do what adults or older siblings do in life, but they earn respect and validation for their competence.
In short, tackling responsibilities helps kids feel that they are growing up. They are fulfilling an intrinsic desire and drive to become independent, autonomous individuals. In addition, they enjoy the pleasure and great satisfaction of taking care of themselves and others.
What Parents Can Do to Foster Helping Others
It’s important for parents to reframe “chores” or “jobs” as responsibilities and to talk with them about these as skills they can learn, perfect, and use in everyday life.
Our brains are wired for giving. Acts of giving to others release neurochemicals that are far more powerful and rewarding than receiving gifts.
Here are some examples of ways your children can help others.
Pre-school kids are just learning the basics of taking care of themselves, such as dressing themselves, feeding themselves, going to the bathroom on their own, or putting themselves to sleep. They are not capable of complex responsibilities, so parents need to keep things simple. Responsibilities for preschoolers can include:
When preschoolers handle these household responsibilities, they really appreciate the praise parents and older siblings bestow upon them.
Additionally, there are things they can do at special occasions, such as making decorations for Mothers’ Day or putting the candles in a family member’s birthday cake. They may also help clean up the house before guests are coming for a special occasion.
There are many more things school-age kids can do to build positive self-esteem. Responsibilities for this age group can include:
Again, doing things for others alone makes kids feel special. Sure, they would prefer to watch TV or play a video game. There will naturally be push back from time to time. But if the culture of the household is one that lavishes praise, validation, admiration, and gratitude, they will feel more motivated to pitch in and contribute.
Some parents may balk at giving praise over and over for what a child should be expected to do. This is a valid point. However, the amount of love, approval, and praise for contributions will never be endless. There will come a time that the ongoing responsibilities the child assumes on a routine basis becomes a foundation for their identity as mature and responsible individuals.
Teens have many more capabilities than younger kids. They can:
They, too, like their younger siblings, will build positive self-esteem the more they can do and the more they are trusted. And, they, too, will push back on many responsibilities – they also know that they have their own personal lives with their friends; it’s much more fun to hang out with them than babysit or make dinner.
Yet parents can reward them with increased freedom. In my own clinical work, often to the eye rolls of teenagers, I say that there was a philosopher named John Stuart Mill who said (eye roll begins) “increased responsibility brings increased freedom.” In other words, if you do what you are supposed to do, such as household chores, going to school, and working hard, you should get more freedom. These rewards can include increased curfew, more money to spend on things you want (if it is available), and less restrictions on bedtime or even screen time.
One final comment: Kids feel special when they are given a unique age-appropriate responsibility for a special occasion, such as a birthday, wedding, or holiday. And at times of great sadness, such as the loss of a pet, or serious illness in the family, they will feel special by helping in a time of hardship.
There is a critical balance between giving a child responsibilities at home, in school, and in the community, and allowing them time to be a kid.
Children do feel special assuming responsibilities. However, they also require time to play, learn social skills, pursue hobbies and interests on their own, and to enjoy themselves when they are alone.
It turns out that giving them the time to just be a kid, is, in fact, giving them enormous responsibility in learning the skills required of healthy, resilient adults!
Of course, playing, socially interacting, and engaging in hobbies will vary from child to child and from one developmental level to another. But for kids of all ages, children need time to develop knowledge, attitudes and skills that go beyond responsibilities at home, in school and in the community.
Being able to play, socially interact with others, and to follow one’s passions fosters the development of a personal identity and the belief that they can be competent individuals with their own unique attributes. The capability of learning who I am, what I like to do, and how I like to do it requires interacting with peers in a variety of settings and achieving personal goals – in the arts, sports, writing, playing video games. In short, this process helps them learn to be responsible for themselves socially, emotionally, and recreationally.
Social-emotional learning is key for helping them become responsible moral agents in society. Having time alone and with peers is critical for learning the skills of leadership, inclusion, acceptance of others, self-awareness, conflict resolution, and taking responsibility for their actions, including making apologies when they make mistakes, break a rule or hurt someone’s feelings.
Enjoying themselves when alone and using that time to relax or to learn new skills, such as practicing an instrument, writing, or absorbing a good book is a skill that is learned and not innate.
It’s a marathon, not a sprint
All this sounds good, but you know that putting these suggestions into action will not be easy. When kids hear us say, “I know you may not like or understand this, but it’s really going to help you in the long run,” once again, we get the eye roll.
But though there will inevitably be resistance if not outright opposition, it’s the right thing to do, and an effort worth starting when our kids are very young.